Italy’s Servizio Sanitario Nazionale has provided generations of Italians with a good standard of universally accessible health services. Technical advances and demographic trends have helped to extend the average life expectancy. However, the system is today facing new challenges. The country’s financial crisis has hit the health sector hard. Ospedale Pederzoli SpA in Peschiera del Garda is well aware of the new economical and ethical challenges. The health institution has successfully developed from a nursing home to a modern hospital.